People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD)* must be able to live the lives they choose and have a good quality of life.
People with IDD often do not have the services, supports and personal relationships they want and need to lead a full life in the community. They may encounter attitudinal, public policy, service system, and other barriers that keep them from choosing where they live and work. Moreover, they often lack opportunities to participate in and contribute to their communities.
People with IDD must have the opportunity to lead lives that offer them a meaningful quality of life. A meaningful quality of life exists for them when they:
Policies, regulations and funding must promote these desired outcomes. In addition, public agencies, private organizations, and individuals providing services and supports must:
Board of Directors, AAIDD
September 21, 2009
Board of Directors, The Arc of the United States
October 29, 2009
Congress of Delegates, The Arc of the United States
November 14, 2009
Reviewed and extended without revision, 2015
Intellectual Disability (ID) is a lifelong condition where significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior emerge during the developmental period (before adulthood).
Developmental Disabilities (DD), first defined in 1975 federal legislation now known as “The DD Act,”, are a group of lifelong conditions that emerge during the developmental period and result in some level of functional limitation in learning, language, communication, cognition, behavior, socialization, or mobility. The most common DD conditions are intellectual disability, Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, fetal alcohol syndrome, and fragile X syndrome.
The acronym “IDD” is used to describe a group that includes either people with both ID and another DD or a group that includes people with ID or another DD. The supports that people with IDD need to meet their goals vary in intensity from intermittent to pervasive.
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